We found here in Pennsbury Township perhaps the largest bog turtle colony in the world which allowed us to slow down the development of the area. This same area was the site of the all day portion of the Battle of the Brandywine. See The Battle of the Brandywine in Pennsbury Township
It is very interesting to note that in the battle, fighting under Greene was brigadier General Peter Muhlenberg, a Lutheran minister born in Trappe PA. As he rode along the defensive line rallying the Virginia troops, he was recognized by some Hessians who called him by his nickname "Devil Pete". During the Revolutionary War his younger brother, Henry Muhlenberg, because of the prominence of his patriot brothers, was always in danger. During the morning portion of the Battle of Brandywine, the cannon fire from the Pennsbury Township portion of the battle was recorded by Henry and many others in Philadelphia. Henry's father in Trappe also heard this portion of the battle: "This morning we heard heavy and long continued cannonading some thirty miles away on Brandywine Creek" Muhlenbergs and the Revolutionary Underground
Immediately following the Battle of the Brandywine, four days before the British occupation of Philadelphia, Henry escaped what was almost certain death at the hands of the Torys. Disguised as an Indian and carrying a rifle under a blanket he left Philadelphia to join his family in Trappe. He was nearly caught and did not return to Philadelphia until after the British withdrawal in 1778. It was during this time that Henry Muhlenberg discovered the highly secretive Muhlenberg turtle (Bog turtle) hence up through 1956 it was known by everyone as Muhlenberg's turtle (Offical name is now Clemmys muhlenbergii turtle). (References located by Dan Klem, Jr., Muhlenberg College).
The bog turtle photographs were take at location UTM 18 447288E 4413524N. See map below.
Photos by Bryan Boardman. Telephone: (610)388-0672 Email: email@example.com
Pasted below are some of the pictures I took April 15th 2003 on the Walls tract showing a bog turtle sunning. It's about 3 1/2 to 4 inches long and has the very distinctive orange mark on its neck. April 15th was our first warmer spring day.
First photo taken right after I noticed the bog turtle. It is not easy
to see in the photos but the entire area surrounding the turtle includes
many spring seeps (perhaps one every 1 to 2 feet) from holes deeper than
ones arm length.
Winter 2000 Environmental News
Bog Turtles Protected
Recently, the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) released a draft of the Bog Turtle Northern Population Recovery Plan, which focuses on removing bog turtles from the threatened and endangered list. Land development projects will be effected by this plan due to the implementation of 300-foot upland buffers around all previously identified bog turtle wetlands-three identified zones of protection. Zone 1 includes wetlands occupied by bog turtles; Zone 2 consists of the 300-foot upland buffer; and Zone 3 includes upland, wetland and riparian areas extending at least one mile beyond the boundary of Zone 2.
Meetings with the USFWS and the PA Fish and Boat Commission (PAFBC) confirm that no permanent impacts, such as development, roads, sewer lines, residences, driveways, parking lots or other structures, etc., will be permitted within this 300-foot upland buffer. Unfortunately, these agencies are already enforcing these measures with little or no room for compromise.
Protocols are in place under the Endangered Species Act for formal and
informal consultation with the USFWS allowing the developer to discuss
potential impacts to these wetlands or buffers. However, these protocols
include the creation of a Habitat Conservation Plan (HPC) and in-depth,
long-term ecological studies of the species population and its habitat.
Ultimately for final approval of a HPC and subsequent issuance of a
incidental take permit, the long-term study must convince the regulatory
agencies that no present or future degradation of bog turtle habitat
will occur. Again, this may be difficult or nearly impossible to achieve
without completely avoiding the three protection zones mentioned earlier
The above is from: Bog Turtles Protected